Know These 3 Essential Short-Term Tax Rules When You Buy a Vacation Rental in Miami

Know These 3 Essential Short-Term Tax Rules When You Buy a Vacation Rental in Miami

Jun 17, 2018 June 17, 2018

Miami is a vibrant city attracting a mix of locals and international tourists throughout all seasons. In fact, it’s Florida’s second most popular tourist destination, welcoming nearly 16 million annual visitors according to the Greater Miami Convention & Visitors Bureau. These travelers need a place to stay and short-term vacation rentals have skyrocketed in popularity among tourists over the past decade.

Although rental tax rules often evolve, never have things changed as quickly since the rise of Airbnb, which exploded in popularity across Miami (and the world), creating the opportunity for thousands of investors in short-term rentals they can both enjoy themselves and profit off of.

As of 2017, our local government began changing rental tax rules to specifically curb the impact short-term rentals have on residential housing (and, let’s be honest, to increase government revenues). These new policies (including sharply increased fines levied on illegally operating rental properties) are important to know as you plan to rent out your home.

Even with the fluctuations, here is a baseline place to start your research. If you own a vacation property, second home, or investment property in Miami that you’re thinking about renting, familiarize yourself with these three tax requirements that Florida, Miami-Dade County, and various Miami area municipalities have put in place for short-term landlords.

1. Your Property Must Qualify as a Lodging Unit

First of all, you’ll need to determine whether your residence fits the city’s qualifications for a lodging unit. In the City of Miami, this is known as the Miami 21 code, and it’s extensive but not too hard to figure out. Not all houses may be used for business or rental.

In Miami Beach, on the other hand, all single-family homes and many multi-family dwellings may not be used for short-term rentals (defined as rental periods less than six months and one day). This map of Miami Beach shows permitted and prohibited areas for vacation rentals—reference it for a general idea of where you can find properties you can rent to vacationing tourists.

By contrast, in late 2017, the Miami-Dade County government adopted new policies for unincorporated areas of Miami-Dade that allow more leniency on where these short-term rentals can run, as well as outlining the restrictions you should know, too. The policies would cap occupancy at 180 days per year in short-term rentals while requiring owners to screen for sexual offenders and enforce rental standards on guests in regards to noise restrictions and garbage collection.

Next Step: Don’t be daunted by the seeming legalese of the tax code! Many Miami homeowners are renting vacation homes to tourists. Finding a place that falls within the county’s lodging unit guidelines, while also allowing you to rent your property throughout the entire year, is simply the necessary first step.

  • If you currently own a property you’re thinking of renting, check with your local municipality as they will have a zoning map much like the one provided by the City of Miami Beach government.
  • If you’re looking to buy a condo that’s suitable as a vacation rental, this is something you should make clear to your real estate agent at the very start as they have a handle on which areas and buildings allow this type of activity. Start with our Ultimate Guide to Buying a Vacation Condo or Second Home in Miami, which covers the best areas to begin your search.

2. You Must Prove Your Condo Building Allows Short-Term Rentals

You may assume that you are in the clear if you find a condo building in an area that allows short-term lodging, but this may not be the case. Every condo has its own set of rules that you agree to when buying a unit. To stay tax-compliant, you need a license to rent short term accommodation. And to obtain that license, laws require that you prove via your condo documents that you have the building’s approval to rent your unit in this manner.

For this reason, again, it’s imperative that you communicate with your real estate agent at the start if you plan to use your condo for these purposes. Even if you only plan to rent it short-term for part of the year, and live in it the rest of the time, your business will fall under the state and local policies governing short-term rentals. What’s more, many hands-off condo owners look for condo buildings offering any number of services that help you rent out your vacation home when you’re not there as in a condo-hotel program.

3. You’ll Need to Collect Both County & State Taxes

Now that your short-term rental property is located in the right zoning and from a building that allows vacation rentals, you’ll want to familiarize yourself with both the state and the county’s tourist taxes. These taxes cover anyone staying as a visitor for less than six months.

As per Miami-Dade County: “In total, there is a six percent (6%) tax collected on the rental amount from any person who rents, leases or lets for consideration any living quarter accommodations in a hotel, apartment hotel, motel, resort motel, apartment motel, rooming house, mobile home park, recreational vehicle park, single family dwelling, beach house, cottage, condominium, or any other sleeping accommodations rented for a period of six months or less.”

Of this tax, three percent(3%) is a Convention Development Tax, two percent (2%) is a Tourist Development Tax, and one percent (1%) is a Sports Franchise Tax.

Then there is Florida’s sales tax, which covers “living quarters or sleeping or housekeeping accommodations for rental periods six months or less, often called “transient rental accommodations” or “transient rentals.”” This tax is an additional six percent (6%) on top of the county’s tax. To collect this tax, you must register with the Florida Department of Revenue, at which point a Certificate of Registration (Form DR-11) and a Florida Annual Resale Certificate for Sales Tax (Form DR-13) will be mailed to you. The former must be displayed visibly at the transient accommodation, and it is illegal to collect money for a short-term rental without obtaining it.

Note that Miami Beach has its own tax on top of the county and state taxes. Although that tax is four percent (4%), some of the Miami-Dade County tax does not apply to Miami Beach (three percent (3%) of the six percent (6%)). In short, the actual result of the four percent (4%) tax is a one percent (1%) extra tax for Miami Beach residents versus most other cities in Miami-Dade County.

Luckily, if you rent your property through certain short-term rental websites like Airbnb, the company collects taxes automatically on behalf of owners and remits them to the appropriate entities. That said, Miami Beach and City of Miami don't participate in Airbnb tax collection, so you’ll need to pay those taxes separately

Short-Term Rental Tax Rates Cheat Sheet

LocationFlorida State TaxesMiami-Dade County TaxesLocal City TaxesTotal Taxes
City of Miami (and most other cities in Miami-Dade County)6%6%N/A12%
Miami Beach6%3%4%13%

The Upside of Short-Term Rentals in Miami

There are lots tax benefits to buying property in Florida. What’s more, once you are operating a legal, approved Miami vacation condo, you may be eligible for even more related tax deductions, which can include:

  • mortgage interest
  • real estate taxes
  • repairs and maintenance
  • association dues
  • advertising
  • cleaning
  • pest control
  • realtor management fees
  • utilities
  • insurance
  • depreciation

The state has strengthened tax laws and regulations around unlicensed short-term rentals, but there is still a strong market that continues to grow alongside Miami’s thriving tourism industry. As you navigate the process, it’s important to remember that Florida state laws regarding vacation rentals are in flux, and any information presented here is liable to change without notice.

tax-rules-miami-beach

Contact Us
Sep Niakan
Broker / Team Lead
(305) 697-7667
sep@blackbookproperties.com
Request Info
By sending you agree to CondoBlackBook's Terms of Use

Your Miami Condo Awaits

Recent Posts

Pre-Construction Condo Spotlight: La Baia in Bay Harbor Islands
Preconstruction Pre-Construction Condo Spotlight: La Baia in Bay Harbor Islands
Looking to bring the same transformative change to Bay Harbor Islands as he did in the South of Fifth neighborhood in South Beach with the iconic Continuum Condo Towers, developer Ian Bruce Eichner launched sales for La Baia residences in October 2021. The ultra-luxury La Baia will be a bayfront, boutique condo community featuring only 68 plush residences and its own 20-boat private marina. La Baia: A Waterfront Enclave of Luxury in Miami’s Northern Islands Crafting a new language of bespoke living on the water, La Baia condo residences will be tailored to fit Bay Harbor Islands’ tranquil ambiance. Designed by Revuelta Architecture, the stylish glass building will rise only 8 stories with a total of 68 luxury residences. Big on space, the one- to four-bedroom units at La Baia will range from 1,125 to 2,500 square feet in size. Owing to the Bay Harbor waterfront setting and expansive balconies, all La Baia residents will be able to enjoy unobstructed views of Biscayne Bay, Bal...
Introducing Downtown Miami’s Okan Tower - Luxury Miami Condos
Preconstruction Introducing Downtown Miami’s Okan Tower - Luxury Miami Condos
Meet Downtown Miami’s latest supertall condo tower that is sure to become an icon of the Magic City’s skyline for years to come - Okan Tower. With sales relaunched in November 2021 and buyers going straight to contract, after putting the project on hold, Turkish developer Okan Group is determined to make up for lost time. Back in action with revamped floor plans and the addition of an all-weather, glass-enclosed rooftop deck and observatory, the Okan Tower will feature 70 stories of luxury Sky Residences, world-class amenities, and 5-star Hilton Hotel & Resort. The Okan Residences Experience - Unfolding the Tulip Tower of Miami On track for a June 2022 opening, the condo-hotel marks Turkey-based Okan Group’s first development in the U.S. Designed by the Coral Gables-based Behar Font & Partners (the architects behind Quadro), the glass tower will feature a tulip-inspired façade as an ode to Turkey’s national flower. Certain to stand out on Downtown’s skyline, the...
Video: Take a Walking Tour of Edgewater, Miami
Lifestyle Video: Take a Walking Tour of Edgewater, Miami
Having spent almost 17 years in this mainly residential locale, Blackbook Properties’ luxury condo expert Sep Niakan takes you on his bright and sunny morning walk through this Edgewater, Miami, one of the city’s most popular waterfront neighborhoods.   Filmed in December, with a balmy winter morning temperature of 79° F/ 26° C, this scenic walking tour takes you through Margaret Pace Park and onto the Venetian Causeway. Besides being popular among walkers, joggers, and runners, the bayfront Margaret Pace Park is also a hot favorite among dog lovers, picnickers, and sports enthusiasts. The 8-acre park features two lighted tennis hard courts, two sand volleyball courts, one basketball court, personal fitness equipment, a gated playground, and more. The Venetian Causeway connects the mainland to Miami Beach, and again, makes a scenic seaside escape to clear your mind or simply absorb the sights and sounds of Miami. Watch the video to walk along. If you want see available units...
Miami Condo Development Guide: 52 New Pre-Construction Projects in 2021
Real Estate News Miami Condo Development Guide: 52 New Pre-Construction Projects in 2021
It’s a trend we’ve been talking about since the last quarter of 2020 - waves of buyers are contributing to one of the biggest real estate booms in Miami history. As individuals and businesses escape high tax states like New York and California, and have the freedom to work from any location, luxury condo developers in Miami are announcing new project after new project.   Miami condo developers announced more than 52 new and relaunched condo projects last year in 2021. In an attempt to appeal to a wide range of new residents, each new project aims to be taller, more luxurious, and offer the most exciting set of amenities imaginable, and could bring more than 10,000 residential units to Miami over the next few years. With the real estate market in Miami in one of its most lucrative cycles yet, here’s a look at the latest condo projects proposed in Miami in 2021: New Miami Condo Development Projects 2021 - Table of Contents New Downtown Miami Condo Development...
Get to Know Brickell, Miami: Comparing North Brickell vs South Brickell vs Brickell Key
Real Estate News Get to Know Brickell, Miami: Comparing North Brickell vs South Brickell vs Brickell Key
Brickell is one of Miami’s most desirable and popular neighborhoods, known the world over. Starting at the junction of the Miami River and Biscayne Bay, extending from Downtown Miami south along the water to the Rickenbacker Causeway that leads to Key Biscayne, Brickell is now known as the “Manhattan of the South.”  Indeed, Brickell is one of the world’s most important international financial hubs, home to many transnational companies and professionals from around the world. But Brickell is more than just Miami’s Financial District and the largest global banking center in the US south of New York. It’s an ultimate live, work, and play destination, and many celebrities have made their home in Brickell, including such Latin pop icons as Luis Miguel, Jennifer Lopez, and the late José José, as well as salsa legend Marc Anthony. To really get to know Brickell, and also know where you might want to live, Brickell actually consists of subdivisions that exist as distinctly different...
Video: Waldorf Astoria Residences, New Heights of Luxury Comes to Miami
Preconstruction Video: Waldorf Astoria Residences, New Heights of Luxury Comes to Miami
Combining the luxuries of New York City’s oldest hotel brand with Miami's first residential supertall tower, the Waldorf Astoria Residences Miami will transcend and transform luxurious living in Miami – all in the heart of Downtown. Moreover, a joint venture between the developers (PMG) and city will including expanding the green spaces in front of the luxury tower along Biscayne Boulevard, transforming the main boulevard of the Miami.  Waldorf Astoria Residences will be the tallest building south of Manhattan, transcending the skyline here and the heights of Miami luxury as we know it today.  Watch the video for more information.   Waldorf Astoria Residences Miami Key Details Groundbreaking: Early 2022 ​​Completion: 2025 Architecture by: Carlos Ott (conceptual artist) & Sieger Suarez (Miami’s award-winning architects). Designed to look like 9 offset crystal cubes, this sculptural condo-hotel is set to redefine Miami’s skyline. Interiors by: San Francisco’s...